VOLUMETRIC AND VISCOMETRIC STUDIES ON ELECTROLYTES IN NON-AQUEOUS SOLVENT
Yousuf, M. A
Reza, K. M. Salim
Aziz, M. A.
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The densities, r and viscosities, h of NH4Cl, NiCl2 and FeCl3 in dimethylsulfoxide were studied as a function of concentration. The partial molal volume, ( 0 v j ) of these electrolytes were evaluated. The viscosity and viscosity-coefficients (A and B) were also determined by Jones-Dole equation. B-coefficient for NiCl2 and FeCl3 are positive that show structure making behavior in all the solutions while those of NH4Cl are negative indicating structure breaking properties. The coefficient A represents the solute-solute interactions coupled with size and shape effect of the solute and to some extent solute-solvent interactions. The behaviors of three solutes in binary systems were discussed in terms of the charge, size and hydrogen bonding effect.